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An easy to follow step-by-step installation guide for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Canonical officially launched Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus on April 21, 2016. Ubuntu 16.04 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of the popular Linux distribution from Canonical. Long-term supported means Canonical will support Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with critical security patches and software updates for five years, until 2021. Following this tutorial, anyone, even new Linux users will be able to easily install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus on their computers.

Before You Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Before you proceed, please keep in mind, these instructions are for users with a new PC, or for those who do not have any operating system installed on their desktop or laptop, or for those who wants to replace their existing operating system (Windows or Linux) with Ubuntu. If you plan to replace your existing operating system with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, make sure you have taken a backup of all your important data. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS supports booting on both modern UEFI machines and legacy BIOS machines.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

You can download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Live ISO image file from Canonical website. If you have a modern PC, download the 64-bit version otherwise download the 32-bit version. Burn the image on a DVD or make a bootable Live USB disk of Ubuntu by following the instructions here under the section “Easy ways to switch to Ubuntu”.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

After creating the bootable media, boot from it. The procedure to boot from the DVD or USB drive varies among different computers. Please consult your motherboard, or desktop, or laptop user manual for instructions. After you boot using the Ubuntu installation media, wait for a few seconds to see the Ubuntu first run screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (1)

Here, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button. Then, select the language. Now, at the “Preparing to install Ubuntu” screen, click on the “Continue” button. If you choose to “download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “third-party software” during installation, you have to stay online. Although if you do not select any of the two, an Internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu.

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In the next step, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installer will try to detect if any other operating system is installed or not. Since, in this tutorial we are doing a clean install, we will select the option to “erase disk and install Ubuntu” and go ahead to the next step. If you want more security you have option to encrypt the hard disk and use LVM for partitioning the hard disk.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

If you choose to secure your Ubuntu installation by encrypting it, on the next step you will be asked to give a security key, basically a password. You need this password every time you start the computer during booting. If you lose the password or forget it, you will lose all your data. So, remember the password and keep a print of the password at a safe place. After inserting the password, you will be prompted to write the changes to the disk. After you click continue here, there is no going back. The hard disk will be erased and ready to install Ubuntu. So, if you want to change anything or cancel the installation, click on Go back.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Now, the installer will ask you to select your current location, choose a keyboard layout, create a user. You have the option to encrypt the Home folder of the user here. You can also choose your preferred login method (automatic or manual), and add an avatar. Wait for the installation to finish, and press the “Restart Now” button when prompted.

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The time to complete the entire installation process depends on your computer’s specifications and the speed of your Internet connection. Once the installation is complete, during the reboot process do not forget to remove the USB flash drive or eject the DVD disc, as suggested. Otherwise, you may rerun the installation process without knowing.

If you choose to encrypt your Ubuntu installation, you will be asked to give the security key before the operating system boots.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Your computer will boot into Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system, and you should see the login screen. Enter the username and password you created during the installation to login.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

While creating the user, if you choose to encrypt the Home folder, upon login, you will get the following window.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Click on “Run this action now” and write your encryption passphrase. Keep this passphrase at a safe place to recover your data.

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop

You are now in the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus universe, enjoy it! If you face any issues during installation, write a comment below. Do not forget to share this with your friends! Let them experience Ubuntu 16.04 themselves!

When you perform Windows upgrade over your existing Windows operating system, or when you reinstall Windows without formatting the system disk, or when you Refresh/Reset your Windows, the system creates a special Windows.old folder. The special Windows.old folder holds copies of apps, programs, and files from the earlier Windows installation. Thus the folder takes a huge chunk of disk space, in some cases around 10 GB to 25 GB.

The Windows.old folder helps you downgrade to the earlier version of Windows safely if the newer installation is not working properly. It is also helpful if you are not happy with suppose the new Windows 10 operating system and you want to roll back to Windows 7 or Windows 8.1.

What if you do not want to revert back to the earlier edition of Windows and you are happy with Windows 10? Windows.old folder still keeps the space occupied. It may be overlooked by users who have TBs of hard disk space. But if you are running low on space or use a SSD with limited space, you may want to delete the Windows.old folder and recover the valuable few GBs it is holding up.

Easier said than done. You cannot simply use the Del button or press Shift + Del button to delete the Windows.old folder. So how to delete Windows.old folder to free up disk space in Windows 10? (Although this post is written for Windows 10 users, any Windows operating system user can refer to it. The steps to remove Windows.old folder remains same.) You do not need to worry or use any third-party tools as the native Disk Cleanup tool can easily delete Windows.old folder from your hard disk.

If you follow the Windows 10 upgrade process, you can keep your old files, settings, and programs from your earlier Windows edition. What if you want a completely fresh Windows 10 system? What are your options then? If you want a completely fresh system, you have a few options available. These options are also useful if you have purchased a new Windows 10 PC and you want to get rid of all the bloatware included by the manufacturer. Or, if you want to clean install Windows 10 on your existing PC.

Before Microsoft released Windows 10 Threshold 2 version 1511, which allowed users to activate Windows 10 with a Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 key, the company used to force users to upgrade to Windows 10 before they could do a clean install. The whole process was very annoying, time-consuming and complicated for most users. As everything is easy now, here’s the various options you have, to do a clean install of Windows 10.

Canonical has today, April 21, 2016, officially launched the new version of its widely used Ubuntu Linux operating system for all devices. You can now download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating for both desktops and servers.

Ubuntu 16.04, dubbed as Xenial Xerus, is the most advanced version of the Ubuntu OS released. Ubuntu 16.04 is a LTS (Long Term Support) release which means it will receive updates and security patches for five years. During this time, multiple point releases will be released like Ubuntu 16.04.1, Ubuntu 16.04.2, etc. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) also uses long-term supported Linux kernel 4.4. Linux kernel 4.4 LTS will receive security updates and bug fixes longer than a normal kernel release would.

Microsoft introduced a new boot loaderBoot Options Menu” since the release of Windows 8 that decreased the boot time much. The new boot loader remains even in Windows 10. Unfortunately, while doing so Microsoft removed the function that allowed access to the Advanced Boot Options when you press F8 key when Windows boots. This means you cannot quickly access the Safe Mode by pressing the F8 key when Windows boots. Instead, you have to go the other way round to access Windows Safe Mode. You need to either start Windows 10 (or Windows 8.1/8) and then use the Settings app to restart into safe mode or if Windows fails to start, Windows will reboot again into safe mode. It does not matter how you do it but it is no longer a single step operation. It now involves 2 or 3 steps to access the Windows 10 Safe Mode.

Microsoft has released a new cumulative update (KB3140743) for Windows 10 Version 1511 and Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4. The latest cumulative update includes a number of bug fixes and performance improvements for both the Windows OS editions. This update will replace the previously released update KB3140742. Along with the cumulative update, Microsoft also released Servicing stack update (KB3139907) for Windows 10 Version 1511 and Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4. KB3139907 makes stability improvements for Windows 10 Version 1511 and Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4 servicing stack.

Apple has released public beta of OS X 10.11.4 beta 3. Before released to the public, the betas were seeded to Apple developers two days ago. OS X 10.11.4 beta 3 brings many new features, improvements and updates to Apple’s desktop operating system including secure notes, live photos to messages, and other stability and performance improvements. Apple also updated the developer build of OS X 10.11.4 beta 3 to 15E39d.