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An easy to follow step-by-step installation guide for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Canonical officially launched Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus on April 21, 2016. Ubuntu 16.04 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of the popular Linux distribution from Canonical. Long-term supported means Canonical will support Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with critical security patches and software updates for five years, until 2021. Following this tutorial, anyone, even new Linux users will be able to easily install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus on their computers.

Before You Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Before you proceed, please keep in mind, these instructions are for users with a new PC, or for those who do not have any operating system installed on their desktop or laptop, or for those who wants to replace their existing operating system (Windows or Linux) with Ubuntu. If you plan to replace your existing operating system with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, make sure you have taken a backup of all your important data. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS supports booting on both modern UEFI machines and legacy BIOS machines.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

You can download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Live ISO image file from Canonical website. If you have a modern PC, download the 64-bit version otherwise download the 32-bit version. Burn the image on a DVD or make a bootable Live USB disk of Ubuntu by following the instructions here under the section “Easy ways to switch to Ubuntu”.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

After creating the bootable media, boot from it. The procedure to boot from the DVD or USB drive varies among different computers. Please consult your motherboard, or desktop, or laptop user manual for instructions. After you boot using the Ubuntu installation media, wait for a few seconds to see the Ubuntu first run screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (1)

Here, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button. Then, select the language. Now, at the “Preparing to install Ubuntu” screen, click on the “Continue” button. If you choose to “download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “third-party software” during installation, you have to stay online. Although if you do not select any of the two, an Internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu.

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In the next step, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installer will try to detect if any other operating system is installed or not. Since, in this tutorial we are doing a clean install, we will select the option to “erase disk and install Ubuntu” and go ahead to the next step. If you want more security you have option to encrypt the hard disk and use LVM for partitioning the hard disk.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

If you choose to secure your Ubuntu installation by encrypting it, on the next step you will be asked to give a security key, basically a password. You need this password every time you start the computer during booting. If you lose the password or forget it, you will lose all your data. So, remember the password and keep a print of the password at a safe place. After inserting the password, you will be prompted to write the changes to the disk. After you click continue here, there is no going back. The hard disk will be erased and ready to install Ubuntu. So, if you want to change anything or cancel the installation, click on Go back.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Now, the installer will ask you to select your current location, choose a keyboard layout, create a user. You have the option to encrypt the Home folder of the user here. You can also choose your preferred login method (automatic or manual), and add an avatar. Wait for the installation to finish, and press the “Restart Now” button when prompted.

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The time to complete the entire installation process depends on your computer’s specifications and the speed of your Internet connection. Once the installation is complete, during the reboot process do not forget to remove the USB flash drive or eject the DVD disc, as suggested. Otherwise, you may rerun the installation process without knowing.

If you choose to encrypt your Ubuntu installation, you will be asked to give the security key before the operating system boots.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Your computer will boot into Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system, and you should see the login screen. Enter the username and password you created during the installation to login.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

While creating the user, if you choose to encrypt the Home folder, upon login, you will get the following window.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Click on “Run this action now” and write your encryption passphrase. Keep this passphrase at a safe place to recover your data.

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop

You are now in the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus universe, enjoy it! If you face any issues during installation, write a comment below. Do not forget to share this with your friends! Let them experience Ubuntu 16.04 themselves!

Canonical has today, April 21, 2016, officially launched the new version of its widely used Ubuntu Linux operating system for all devices. You can now download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating for both desktops and servers.

Ubuntu 16.04, dubbed as Xenial Xerus, is the most advanced version of the Ubuntu OS released. Ubuntu 16.04 is a LTS (Long Term Support) release which means it will receive updates and security patches for five years. During this time, multiple point releases will be released like Ubuntu 16.04.1, Ubuntu 16.04.2, etc. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) also uses long-term supported Linux kernel 4.4. Linux kernel 4.4 LTS will receive security updates and bug fixes longer than a normal kernel release would.

Google today released Chrome 48 for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Chrome 48 adds custom notification buttons and removes support for unsecure RC4 encryption. If you have Google Chrome installed, your browser should have silently updated already. You can confirm it by looking at the version number displayed in the About window. You can also manually check for update using the same. Chrome’s built-in updater will start updating your browser if it has not done it yet. You can also download Chrome directly from google.com/chrome.

Adobe has released Adobe Flash Player update v. 20.0.0.267 to fix at least 19 security flaws in the program, including one 0-Day bug that is already being actively exploited in attacks. The new Flash Player update is available for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux users.

The new Adobe Flash update v. 20.0.0.267 includes a fix for a 0-Day vulnerability (CVE-2015-8651), which according to Adobe is being actively used in “limited, targeted attacks.”

In this age of technology, where accessing content is so easy and universal, geoblocking content is something that goes against it. The whole concept of region-block or geo-block or geoblocking of content goes against the open nature of the internet. Today, anyone with an internet connection can get access to any kind of content except for content that is geoblocked. Generally, copyright holders enforce geoblocking to have different licensing schemes across different countries. Through geoblocking, they intend to increase their profit margin much more. But isn’t this whole concept discriminating? Yes it is. Thus, it is not a surprising fact that the EU has decided to abolish geoblocking and other copyright restrictions. When we see more countries participating to abolish this silly concept that’s the day when the internet will be truly free.

Opera Software has released Aura technology powered Opera 21 for Windows and Mac OS X users. If you are wondering what Aura actually is? Here’s a simple explanation of Aura technology. Aura lets the desktop edition of the popular Opera web browser to use hardware-acceleration for the web browser including the user interface. Only the Windows edition of Opera uses the Aura technology while Opera for Mac uses Apple Core Animation technology to meet the same effects. Download Opera browser for Windows and Mac.

The Document Foundation (TDF) announces LibreOffice 4.1.2, an alternative of Microsoft Office 2013 or Microsoft Office 365 for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. This is the second minor release of the LibreOffice 4.1 family, which features a large number of improved interoperability features with proprietary and legacy file formats.

The new release is another step forward in the process of improving the overall quality and stability of LibreOffice 4.1. For enterprise adoptions, The Document Foundation suggests LibreOffice 4.0.5 (with 4.0.6 expected soon), supported by certified professionals.

Adobe has released security updates for Adobe Flash Player for all platforms. Adobe Flash Player 11.5.502.149 security update is released for Windows and Macintosh, Adobe Flash Player 11.2.202.262 for Linux, Adobe Flash Player 11.1.115.37 for Android 4.x, and Adobe Flash Player 11.1.111.32 for Android 3.x and 2.x are released. Security update for Windows and Macintosh addressed issues which are rated critical by Adobe. For all supported platforms, these updates addresses vulnerabilities referred as CVE-2013-0633, CVE-2013-0634 (details later). These vulnerabilities could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected computer system and may cause a crash.

Out of the two vulnerabilities discovered in Adobe Flash Player, Adobe reports that CVE-2013-0633 is being exploited in the wild. It is a targeted attack designed to trick a user to open a Microsoft Word document. The document is sent via email and has malicious Flash (SWF) content. It targets the ActiveX version of Flash Player on Windows. Similarly, Adobe reports that CVE-2013-0634 is also being exploited in the wild. The attacks targeting this vulnerability is delivered via malicious Flash (SWF) content hosted on websites that target Flash Player in Firefox or Safari on the Macintosh platform. It can also affect Windows users in similar way as CVE-2013-0633.

Mozilla has added Java 7 Update 7 to its add-on block list after it found the plugin vulnerable. This means, if you have Java 7 Update 7 installed on your computer (be it Windows, Linux or Mac), Firefox will automatically block the Oracle Java plugin.

Oracle Java 7 Update 7 is admittedly not the latest version of Java, as of now, that is, November 24, 2012, Java 7 Update 9 is the latest version available for download and install. So, if you want to re-enable Java on Firefox, you need to download the latest version of Java and install it.

According to Mozilla, Java 7 Update 7 plugin poses a serious risk to the users and thus it had to add the plugin to its blocklist. Mozilla further states that the discovery of the critical security hole in the plugin potentially allows attackers to compromise user’s system, and the bug is currently being exploited in the wild.