An easy to follow step-by-step installation guide for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Canonical officially launched Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus on April 21, 2016. Ubuntu 16.04 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of the popular Linux distribution from Canonical. Long-term supported means Canonical will support Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with critical security patches and software updates for five years, until 2021. Following this tutorial, anyone, even new Linux users will be able to easily install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus on their computers.

Before You Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Before you proceed, please keep in mind, these instructions are for users with a new PC, or for those who do not have any operating system installed on their desktop or laptop, or for those who wants to replace their existing operating system (Windows or Linux) with Ubuntu. If you plan to replace your existing operating system with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, make sure you have taken a backup of all your important data. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS supports booting on both modern UEFI machines and legacy BIOS machines.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

You can download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Live ISO image file from Canonical website. If you have a modern PC, download the 64-bit version otherwise download the 32-bit version. Burn the image on a DVD or make a bootable Live USB disk of Ubuntu by following the instructions here under the section “Easy ways to switch to Ubuntu”.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

After creating the bootable media, boot from it. The procedure to boot from the DVD or USB drive varies among different computers. Please consult your motherboard, or desktop, or laptop user manual for instructions. After you boot using the Ubuntu installation media, wait for a few seconds to see the Ubuntu first run screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (1)

Here, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button. Then, select the language. Now, at the “Preparing to install Ubuntu” screen, click on the “Continue” button. If you choose to “download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “third-party software” during installation, you have to stay online. Although if you do not select any of the two, an Internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu.

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In the next step, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installer will try to detect if any other operating system is installed or not. Since, in this tutorial we are doing a clean install, we will select the option to “erase disk and install Ubuntu” and go ahead to the next step. If you want more security you have option to encrypt the hard disk and use LVM for partitioning the hard disk.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

If you choose to secure your Ubuntu installation by encrypting it, on the next step you will be asked to give a security key, basically a password. You need this password every time you start the computer during booting. If you lose the password or forget it, you will lose all your data. So, remember the password and keep a print of the password at a safe place. After inserting the password, you will be prompted to write the changes to the disk. After you click continue here, there is no going back. The hard disk will be erased and ready to install Ubuntu. So, if you want to change anything or cancel the installation, click on Go back.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Now, the installer will ask you to select your current location, choose a keyboard layout, create a user. You have the option to encrypt the Home folder of the user here. You can also choose your preferred login method (automatic or manual), and add an avatar. Wait for the installation to finish, and press the “Restart Now” button when prompted.

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The time to complete the entire installation process depends on your computer’s specifications and the speed of your Internet connection. Once the installation is complete, during the reboot process do not forget to remove the USB flash drive or eject the DVD disc, as suggested. Otherwise, you may rerun the installation process without knowing.

If you choose to encrypt your Ubuntu installation, you will be asked to give the security key before the operating system boots.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Your computer will boot into Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system, and you should see the login screen. Enter the username and password you created during the installation to login.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

While creating the user, if you choose to encrypt the Home folder, upon login, you will get the following window.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Click on “Run this action now” and write your encryption passphrase. Keep this passphrase at a safe place to recover your data.

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop

You are now in the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus universe, enjoy it! If you face any issues during installation, write a comment below. Do not forget to share this with your friends! Let them experience Ubuntu 16.04 themselves!

Do you love it when you get your music, apps, and other media automatically downloaded on your iPhone, or iPad, or iPod touch, after downloading it on another of your iOS device? Some do not prefer this and do not want all their iOS devices automatically download and sync music, apps, and other media. It does not matter which side you belong to, in this tutorial we will guide you through the best way to manage Automatic Downloads on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch.

What is Automatic Downloads in iOS

When you download something on one of your Apple devices, Automatic Download automatically downloads it on all of your other Apple devices to keep everything in sync. Apple uses iCloud to sync your downloads across all your devices and claims to enhance user experience. Although, that is more of a personal choice as some people finds Automatic Downloads annoying while some like it.

Automatic Downloads supports several different things on your iOS devices, be it an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch. It supports the following:

  • Music
  • Apps
  • Books & Audiobooks
  • Updates

How to Configure Automatic Downloads in iOS

You can manage Automatic Downloads through the Settings app. You can get to it by launching the Settings app, then tap on iTunes & App Store, and in the right pane you will see preferences for Automatic Downloads.

Configure Automatic Downloads on iOS

Toggling the switch beside each category of Automatic Downloads will let you control it. As said earlier, it all comes to personal choice. Some people may prefer to have all their downloaded music in sync with all their Apple devices but may not want the same apps across all their devices. If you like Apple Music you may prefer to stream your music than downloading it on all your devices. Books and Audiobook lovers may prefer to only sync their collection of books while leaving everything else. Some people may prefer to automatically download app updates while some may not. So, what switches you toggle on or off here entirely depends on your personal choices.

Here, you can also toggle the use of cellular data for Automatic Downloads. We suggest you keep it off as normally cellular data is capped by your provider, and Automatic Downloads can eat up your limited data plans fast. Keeping this turned off will allow Automatic Downloads to resume downloads on Wi-Fi only.

Wrapping Up

As you can see, configuring Automatic Downloads settings on your iOS device is really very easy but how you set it up depends on how you use your Apple devices.

What Automatic Downloads set up do you prefer on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch? Share your configuration with us in the comments!

When you perform Windows upgrade over your existing Windows operating system, or when you reinstall Windows without formatting the system disk, or when you Refresh/Reset your Windows, the system creates a special Windows.old folder. The special Windows.old folder holds copies of apps, programs, and files from the earlier Windows installation. Thus the folder takes a huge chunk of disk space, in some cases around 10 GB to 25 GB.

The Windows.old folder helps you downgrade to the earlier version of Windows safely if the newer installation is not working properly. It is also helpful if you are not happy with suppose the new Windows 10 operating system and you want to roll back to Windows 7 or Windows 8.1.

What if you do not want to revert back to the earlier edition of Windows and you are happy with Windows 10? Windows.old folder still keeps the space occupied. It may be overlooked by users who have TBs of hard disk space. But if you are running low on space or use a SSD with limited space, you may want to delete the Windows.old folder and recover the valuable few GBs it is holding up.

Easier said than done. You cannot simply use the Del button or press Shift + Del button to delete the Windows.old folder. So how to delete Windows.old folder to free up disk space in Windows 10? (Although this post is written for Windows 10 users, any Windows operating system user can refer to it. The steps to remove Windows.old folder remains same.) You do not need to worry or use any third-party tools as the native Disk Cleanup tool can easily delete Windows.old folder from your hard disk.

If you follow the Windows 10 upgrade process, you can keep your old files, settings, and programs from your earlier Windows edition. What if you want a completely fresh Windows 10 system? What are your options then? If you want a completely fresh system, you have a few options available. These options are also useful if you have purchased a new Windows 10 PC and you want to get rid of all the bloatware included by the manufacturer. Or, if you want to clean install Windows 10 on your existing PC.

Before Microsoft released Windows 10 Threshold 2 version 1511, which allowed users to activate Windows 10 with a Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 key, the company used to force users to upgrade to Windows 10 before they could do a clean install. The whole process was very annoying, time-consuming and complicated for most users. As everything is easy now, here’s the various options you have, to do a clean install of Windows 10.

Microsoft introduced a new boot loaderBoot Options Menu” since the release of Windows 8 that decreased the boot time much. The new boot loader remains even in Windows 10. Unfortunately, while doing so Microsoft removed the function that allowed access to the Advanced Boot Options when you press F8 key when Windows boots. This means you cannot quickly access the Safe Mode by pressing the F8 key when Windows boots. Instead, you have to go the other way round to access Windows Safe Mode. You need to either start Windows 10 (or Windows 8.1/8) and then use the Settings app to restart into safe mode or if Windows fails to start, Windows will reboot again into safe mode. It does not matter how you do it but it is no longer a single step operation. It now involves 2 or 3 steps to access the Windows 10 Safe Mode.

Microsoft introduced User Account Control back when it launched Windows Vista. User Account Control or popularly known in its abbreviated form UAC still continues to be a part of Windows, from Windows 7, to Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and in the latest Windows 10. UAC is a security feature in Windows that keeps the user in control and warns them when any program tries to make changes to the system that requires administrator-level permission. If a user account is not a part of the Administrator group, it asks the user to give an administrator user’s password to continue. Thus protecting the Windows PC from malicious or unwanted system wide changes.

The UAC dialog box displays the “Do you want to allow the following program to make changes to this computer?” message. It also provides details about the program trying to make the changes like its name and the publisher’s name of the program. The user can then either allow the changes by clicking on the Yes button or deny it by clicking on the No button.

Windows requires all device drivers digitally signed before they can be installed. The problem with device driver signing condition is if you try to install some driver which is not signed, it will fail to install. There is a workaround to install unsigned drivers on Windows. Today, through this how to article, we will show you how to disable device driver signing in Windows so that you can install them.

Digitally signed drivers are signed using code signing certificates and are enforced by Microsoft in Windows as it increases security. When a company releases digitally signed driver, the driver includes an electronic fingerprint that indicates the which company released the driver and if the driver has been modified since released. If a signed driver is modified, it will no longer have the digital signature intact. Thus indicating tampering and Windows displays an error.

Microsoft removed the default behavior of displaying a delete confirmation dialog box in Windows 8, 8.1 and Windows 10. If you use the Delete key to delete a file or folder its sent straight to the Recycle Bin. In earlier Windows editions, you used to get a delete confirmation dialog box. The new behavior may cause issues if you accidentally pressed the Delete key when an important file or folder is selected. Yes, you can recover it from the Recycle Bin but what if you didn’t notice it in the first hand? You will have a tough time finding your file or folder. In this post, you will know how to enable delete confirmation dialog box in Windows 8, 8.1 or Windows 10.

Starting from Windows Vista and up (Windows 7, 8.1, 10), Microsoft introduced a feature known as Superfetch. In Windows XP a lesser capable similar feature was available which was known as PreFetcher. The work of Superfetch is to keep often-accessed data in the RAM in cached form so that applications can run faster and responds faster. A very good explanation of what Superfetch is, is given by Thom Holwerda at OSNews. You can go through it for some good insight. Coming back, here we will show you how you can enable or disable Superfetch in Windows. This how to article can be referred by Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 users to manage Superfetch settings.

How To Enable or Disable Superfetch In Windows?

There are two ways by which you can change Superfetch settings. Follow any one of them and you will be good.

Enable or Disable Superfetch Using Services In Windows

  1. Press Windows Key + R to open the Run dialog box.
  2. Type services.msc and press Enter to open the Services window.
  3. In the Services window, find Superfetch and double-click on it to open Superfetch Properties window.

superfetch in services

  1. In the Superfetch Properties window, click on the Stop button.
  2. To permanently disable Superfetch, select Disabled in the Startup type drop down menu.

enable or disable superfetch in windows using services

  1. Click on Apply button and then on the OK button to complete the steps. You may restart Windows.
To enable Superfetch, follow the first three steps. Next, in the Superfetch Properties window, set the Startup type to Automatic and then click on the Start button. Click on Apply button and then on the OK button to complete the steps. You may restart Windows.

Enable or Disable Superfetch In Windows Using Registry

Only follow this method if you are confident editing Windows Registry entries. If you are not, you should only follow the first method.
  1. Press Windows Key + R to open the Run dialog box.
  2. Type regedit and press Enter to open the Registry Editor. If you receive a UAC prompt, click on Yes.
  3. In the Registry Editor, navigate to the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\MemoryManagement\PrefetchParameters

  1. Now, in the right-pane, double-click on the EnableSuperfetch DWORD key to edit its value.

enable or disable superfetch in windows using registry

If this DWORD value does not exist, right-click on an empty space in the right-pane of the PrefetchParameters folder, select New > DWORD Value. Give it the name EnableSuperfetch and set its value according to your requirement. Reference the meaning of each value as given below:

  • 0 Disable Superfetch.
  • 1 Enables Superfetch when the application starts up.
  • 2 Enables Superfetch when the device starts up.
  • 3 Enables Superfetch when the application or device starts up.
  1. Edit the value of EnableSuperfetch according to your requirements and click on OK.
  2. Close the Registry Editor and restart Windows.

Do you have any Windows tips or tricks up your sleeve? Share it with us and if we find it interesting, we will publish it along with your name! Do not forget to share this with your friends.

Windows 10 allows users to create a bootable USB Recovery Drive that can help you if your PC is giving you troubles. The bootable USB Recovery Drive helps you boot into the Windows Recovery Environment, also known as Limited Diagnostic Mode. Using the Recovery Environment you can do troubleshooting tasks like Repair Startup and other tasks like System Restore, System Refresh or Reset Your PC. This bootable USB Recovery Drive cannot be used to install Windows 10 for that you need to create a bootable Window 10 USB drive.

We recommend creating the recovery drive as soon as possible, before your PC starts giving you trouble. Because in the event of a disaster when you cannot boot into your Windows PC anymore, you are out of luck of recovering it without the Recovery Drive (or Recovery Disc) if you do not have a bootable Windows DVD with you, which is very common if your Windows came pre-installed (Windows 10 OEM) with your PC or Laptop.
You cannot use a Recovery Drive meant for Windows 10 x86 (32-bit) version to fix Windows 10 x64 (64-bit) version and vice versa. Windows 10 Recovery Drive cannot be used to recover any earlier edition of Windows, like Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 8.1. The same applies for System Repair Discs.
If Windows is installed on a GPT (not MBR) partition you cannot use System Refresh or Reset Your PC functions until you enable UEFI only boot mode from the BIOS/EFI. Windows 10 does not detect GPT partition alignment correctly if UEFI booting is not enabled.

Requirements For Creating bootable Windows USB Recovery Drive

To create a bootable USB Recovery Drive, we need a USB flash drive with at least 4 GB free space (for 32-bit edition of Windows) or 8 GB free space (for 64-bit Windows edition). If your Windows came pre-installed with your device and it has a custom Recovery Partition, you may need a USB device with up to 32 GB free space on it. If you are going to create a Windows System Recovery Disc, you need a blank CD/DVD. The flash drive you are going to use will be formatted so make sure to backup any data from it before you start following this tutorial.

After creating the bootable USB Recovery drive, do not forget to test it by actually booting into the Windows Recovery Environment. You do not need to do any of the tasks. Before you can boot using the created USB flash drive or CD/DVD, check the boot sequence in your PC’s BIOS/EFI. Make sure you select the USB/CD drive as the first boot device. Also, some devices with a mix of USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 ports can cause issues if you plug in the drive into a USB 3.0 port. Put the drive into a USB 2.0 port and it will work fine.

How To Create A Bootable USB Recovery Drive?

Follow the simple steps described here to successfully create a bootable USB Recovery Drive for Windows. Although written for Windows 10, this guide has been made suitable to create a bootable USB Recovery Drive for Windows 8 / Windows 8.1.

First, connect the USB flash drive you want to use to create your bootable USB recovery drive.

Now, in Windows 10, open Start menu or press Windows Key + S to open Cortana search. Type recovery and from the search results, click on the Create a recovery drive present in the Settings section. When you receive the UAC prompt, click on Yes.

search for recovery

Windows 8/Windows 8.1 users, press Windows Key + W, type recovery into Search box. From the search results, click on the Create a recovery drive option.

You will now see the Create a recovery drive window. Here, keep enabled the option Back up system files to the recovery drive and click on Next to continue. Windows 8/8.1 users should keep the option Copy contents from the recovery partition to the recovery drive enabled before clicking on Next.

Create a recovery drive

Now, in the next step, it should automatically detect the correct drive letter of your USB device in the Select the USB flash drive window. If it has not, click on the correct USB device drive letter and then click Next.

In the next step, the wizard will warn you that all the contents of the selected drive will be deleted. To continue, click on the Create button. Wait for the process to complete. In the final window, it will display a message that says The Recovery drive is ready. Click on Finish to close the window.

If the wizard fails to create the Recovery Drive with the “We can’t create a recovery drive on this PC. Some required files are missing.” error, the winre.wim file or System Reserved partition is missing from your PC. To resolve the issue, follow our next follow-up guide (which will be published next week).

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