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An easy to follow step-by-step installation guide for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Canonical officially launched Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus on April 21, 2016. Ubuntu 16.04 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of the popular Linux distribution from Canonical. Long-term supported means Canonical will support Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with critical security patches and software updates for five years, until 2021. Following this tutorial, anyone, even new Linux users will be able to easily install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus on their computers.

Before You Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Before you proceed, please keep in mind, these instructions are for users with a new PC, or for those who do not have any operating system installed on their desktop or laptop, or for those who wants to replace their existing operating system (Windows or Linux) with Ubuntu. If you plan to replace your existing operating system with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, make sure you have taken a backup of all your important data. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS supports booting on both modern UEFI machines and legacy BIOS machines.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

You can download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Live ISO image file from Canonical website. If you have a modern PC, download the 64-bit version otherwise download the 32-bit version. Burn the image on a DVD or make a bootable Live USB disk of Ubuntu by following the instructions here under the section “Easy ways to switch to Ubuntu”.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

After creating the bootable media, boot from it. The procedure to boot from the DVD or USB drive varies among different computers. Please consult your motherboard, or desktop, or laptop user manual for instructions. After you boot using the Ubuntu installation media, wait for a few seconds to see the Ubuntu first run screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (1)

Here, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button. Then, select the language. Now, at the “Preparing to install Ubuntu” screen, click on the “Continue” button. If you choose to “download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “third-party software” during installation, you have to stay online. Although if you do not select any of the two, an Internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu.

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In the next step, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installer will try to detect if any other operating system is installed or not. Since, in this tutorial we are doing a clean install, we will select the option to “erase disk and install Ubuntu” and go ahead to the next step. If you want more security you have option to encrypt the hard disk and use LVM for partitioning the hard disk.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

If you choose to secure your Ubuntu installation by encrypting it, on the next step you will be asked to give a security key, basically a password. You need this password every time you start the computer during booting. If you lose the password or forget it, you will lose all your data. So, remember the password and keep a print of the password at a safe place. After inserting the password, you will be prompted to write the changes to the disk. After you click continue here, there is no going back. The hard disk will be erased and ready to install Ubuntu. So, if you want to change anything or cancel the installation, click on Go back.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Now, the installer will ask you to select your current location, choose a keyboard layout, create a user. You have the option to encrypt the Home folder of the user here. You can also choose your preferred login method (automatic or manual), and add an avatar. Wait for the installation to finish, and press the “Restart Now” button when prompted.

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The time to complete the entire installation process depends on your computer’s specifications and the speed of your Internet connection. Once the installation is complete, during the reboot process do not forget to remove the USB flash drive or eject the DVD disc, as suggested. Otherwise, you may rerun the installation process without knowing.

If you choose to encrypt your Ubuntu installation, you will be asked to give the security key before the operating system boots.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Your computer will boot into Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system, and you should see the login screen. Enter the username and password you created during the installation to login.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

While creating the user, if you choose to encrypt the Home folder, upon login, you will get the following window.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Click on “Run this action now” and write your encryption passphrase. Keep this passphrase at a safe place to recover your data.

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop

You are now in the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus universe, enjoy it! If you face any issues during installation, write a comment below. Do not forget to share this with your friends! Let them experience Ubuntu 16.04 themselves!

Canonical has today, April 21, 2016, officially launched the new version of its widely used Ubuntu Linux operating system for all devices. You can now download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating for both desktops and servers.

Ubuntu 16.04, dubbed as Xenial Xerus, is the most advanced version of the Ubuntu OS released. Ubuntu 16.04 is a LTS (Long Term Support) release which means it will receive updates and security patches for five years. During this time, multiple point releases will be released like Ubuntu 16.04.1, Ubuntu 16.04.2, etc. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) also uses long-term supported Linux kernel 4.4. Linux kernel 4.4 LTS will receive security updates and bug fixes longer than a normal kernel release would.

Canonical has released Ubuntu 12.10 few days back. Ubuntu 12.10 is now available for download. If you are installing Ubuntu as a fresh install, then this article may not be what you are looking for. This article outlines steps you should take if you want to upgrade from Ubuntu 12.04 to Ubuntu 12.10.

If you are using Ubuntu 12.04, which is a Long Term Support (LTS) release, you need to do some changes in the Update Manager before you can upgrade to Ubuntu 12.10. LTS release means the release will be supported with bug fixes and security for the next 5 years from the day it was released.

If you are wondering what changes you need to make in the Update Manager before you get the pop message which says a new Ubuntu version is available, follow this simple how to article.

Variety is a lightweight freeware wallpaper changer that officially supports Ubuntu but runs on any Linux desktop environments like KDE, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce and Unity. Variety was created by Peter Levi, for the Ubuntu App Showdown 2012. Variety wallpaper changer works both in offline (local wallpaper sources like saved image folders) and online (online image sources like Flickr) environment.

Variety can automatically rotate wallpapers based on your preferences on a regular interval or on demand. The application supports some unique features like Media RSS support and World Sunlight Map. More about the application after the break.

Canonical is now working on a new product called Ubuntu for Android. The aim of the product is to bring Ubuntu, “the popular Linux distribution,” to high-end Android smartphones.

Ubuntu for Android will offer a complete Ubuntu desktop experience on the smartphone along the standard Android environment. Users will first need to plug-in their Android device to a dock that will connect to a keyboard and monitor. Once docked, the Android phone’s data, apps and connectivity can be easily accessed within the Ubuntu desktop PC.

Ubuntu for Android variant will make use of the underlying Android (Linux) kernel. It is further designed to take advantage of the dual-core ARM CPU. The new Ubuntu variant will come bundled with a number of popular applications while having a deep integration with the Android environment on the user’s phone.

Airtime, developed by Sourcefabric, is a free, open-source radio broadcasting software for scheduling and remote station management. The radio software runs on Linux platform, and features easy management and automation. The Airtime server software runs on Ubuntu Linux, Debian, and Red hat and multiple users can use the software to schedule radio shows remotely through any web browser. After installed, the user can control it from anywhere using a modern web browser.

Recently, Sourcefabric has released Airtime 1.8.2 with 58 improvements and bug fixes. It now provides the users ability to download audio, cancel a show that’s being recorded, and watch the recording status of a show on the “Now Playing” screen. The latest version has also improved the installation and upgrade process. A new command-line program called “airtime-check-system” now verifies the environment in which the radio software is being installed and helps troubleshoot problems.

Oracle’s decision to give OpenOffice.org (OOo) assets to the Apache Software Foundation and not The Document Foundation (TDF) has not stopped TDF to roll out a major release of LibreOffice (LO), a fork of OpenOffice. LibreOffice is widely adopted now and is becoming very popular. Major Linux distros including UbuntuFedora and Linux Mint has dropped OOo for LO.

LibreOffice 3.4.0 is the second major release of the suite since the announcement of TDF in September 2010. LO 3.4.0 is a major release of the open-source free office suite now incorporates the contributions of more than 120 developers (six times as many as the first beta released on the launch date).

LibreOffice was created as a fork of the OpenOffice.org productivity suite back in September, of course, due to uncertainty over the future of OOo after Oracle acquired the project.

In one of our earlier articles, we shared a good news for Ubuntu 10.10 “Maverick” users who wants to get Unity 2D without upgrading to the latest Ubuntu 11.04 version.

Unity 2D is basically a desktop shell developed for hardware platforms that don’t support Unity’s OpenGL requirements. In other words, it’s developed for Ubuntu systems having less hardware resources.

2D’s architecture is very close to that of the original Unity desktop shell since it shares the same backend components, except that it replaces the user interface elements. The user interface elements which gets replaced in this strip down version of the desktop shell are the panel, launcher and places components. Moreover, it uses a tweaked version of Metacity instead of Compiz as its window manager.

Unity is “the completely new” user experience available in Ubuntu 11.04. It is available in two versions; Unity for the powerful machines with compatible graphics cards and Unity 2D, the less hardware resource hungry version. I prefer and use Unity 2D much more than Unity 3D on my Ubuntu 11.04 system.

If you’re still stuck with Ubuntu 10.10 for some reason or the other and you don’t want to miss out entirely on the “new” Unity user experience. You can now get it on your Ubuntu 10.10 “Maverick” by using the PPA‘s listed in this article.

Gerry Carr of Canonical has announced on the official Canonical Blog that they will be discontinuing the free CD shipping service ShipIt and would be focusing on their CD distributor programme and shipping CDs directly to LoCos instead. Below is an excerpt of the official announcement:

It’s with some regret that we are announcing the end of the ShipIt Programme and the CD distributor programme. … Technology moves on and as we look at ways to spread Ubuntu further, a CD distribution programme, especially one of that size and delivered in that way, makes less sense. We have been slowly easing back the programme over the last two years to limit the number of CDs per person and the number of times a person could apply for a CD. But for Ubuntu 11.04 you will no longer be able to go to our website and apply for a free CD.

That’s not to say there won’t be CDs. We are going to make large numbers of CDs available to the Ubuntu Local Communities (LoCos) through a shipIt-lite program. We are asking the LoCos, who are much better placed than Canonical in many ways, to find creative ways to get CDs to those that need them. And of course, every single person reading this who has a CD is a potential distributor — it is after all free to copy, modify and redistribute. We will also continue to make the packs available through the store which are sold more or less at cost price (plus shipping).