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An easy to follow step-by-step installation guide for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Canonical officially launched Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus on April 21, 2016. Ubuntu 16.04 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of the popular Linux distribution from Canonical. Long-term supported means Canonical will support Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with critical security patches and software updates for five years, until 2021. Following this tutorial, anyone, even new Linux users will be able to easily install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus on their computers.

Before You Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Before you proceed, please keep in mind, these instructions are for users with a new PC, or for those who do not have any operating system installed on their desktop or laptop, or for those who wants to replace their existing operating system (Windows or Linux) with Ubuntu. If you plan to replace your existing operating system with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, make sure you have taken a backup of all your important data. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS supports booting on both modern UEFI machines and legacy BIOS machines.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

You can download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Live ISO image file from Canonical website. If you have a modern PC, download the 64-bit version otherwise download the 32-bit version. Burn the image on a DVD or make a bootable Live USB disk of Ubuntu by following the instructions here under the section “Easy ways to switch to Ubuntu”.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

After creating the bootable media, boot from it. The procedure to boot from the DVD or USB drive varies among different computers. Please consult your motherboard, or desktop, or laptop user manual for instructions. After you boot using the Ubuntu installation media, wait for a few seconds to see the Ubuntu first run screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (1)

Here, click on the “Install Ubuntu” button. Then, select the language. Now, at the “Preparing to install Ubuntu” screen, click on the “Continue” button. If you choose to “download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “third-party software” during installation, you have to stay online. Although if you do not select any of the two, an Internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu.

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In the next step, Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installer will try to detect if any other operating system is installed or not. Since, in this tutorial we are doing a clean install, we will select the option to “erase disk and install Ubuntu” and go ahead to the next step. If you want more security you have option to encrypt the hard disk and use LVM for partitioning the hard disk.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

If you choose to secure your Ubuntu installation by encrypting it, on the next step you will be asked to give a security key, basically a password. You need this password every time you start the computer during booting. If you lose the password or forget it, you will lose all your data. So, remember the password and keep a print of the password at a safe place. After inserting the password, you will be prompted to write the changes to the disk. After you click continue here, there is no going back. The hard disk will be erased and ready to install Ubuntu. So, if you want to change anything or cancel the installation, click on Go back.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Now, the installer will ask you to select your current location, choose a keyboard layout, create a user. You have the option to encrypt the Home folder of the user here. You can also choose your preferred login method (automatic or manual), and add an avatar. Wait for the installation to finish, and press the “Restart Now” button when prompted.

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The time to complete the entire installation process depends on your computer’s specifications and the speed of your Internet connection. Once the installation is complete, during the reboot process do not forget to remove the USB flash drive or eject the DVD disc, as suggested. Otherwise, you may rerun the installation process without knowing.

If you choose to encrypt your Ubuntu installation, you will be asked to give the security key before the operating system boots.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Your computer will boot into Ubuntu 16.04 LTS operating system, and you should see the login screen. Enter the username and password you created during the installation to login.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

While creating the user, if you choose to encrypt the Home folder, upon login, you will get the following window.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Click on “Run this action now” and write your encryption passphrase. Keep this passphrase at a safe place to recover your data.

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop

You are now in the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus universe, enjoy it! If you face any issues during installation, write a comment below. Do not forget to share this with your friends! Let them experience Ubuntu 16.04 themselves!

Microsoft made it optional for users to type a valid product key for Windows Vista and Windows 7 during installation. But with the latest operating system, the software  has again made it compulsory to type in a valid Windows 8 product key before installation proceeds.

In this post, you’ll find a number of ways to get a free Windows 8 product key for the latest release preview build.

Adobe Flash Player 11 and Adobe Air 3 has been released by Adobe software.

Adobe Flash Player 11 features hardware accelerated graphics rendering support through Stage 3D. According the Adobe, the support for hardware accelerated graphics rendering improves the rendering times by a factor of up to a 1000 times over Flash Player 10. The new technology also enables playing high quality games on the Flash platform. To show the new features and capabilities of Flash Player 11, Adobe has published two sample videos.

Microsoft released Windows Developer Preview few days back for download to the public.

If you are testing out Windows Developer Preview and have installed it without any problem. You should keep these product keys handy if you Reset Windows 8 or reinstall Windows Developer Preview.

In response to a question posted on MSDN forum, “I’m reinstalling Windows Developer Preview and need to enter a product key. What key do I use?” Microsoft Support employee shared two product keys, one for Windows Developer Preview and the other for Windows Developer Preview server edition.

In the article “How To Install Windows 7 Using USB Flash Drive Faster“, we showed you the manual way to prepare a USB disk for installing Windows using it. Although the manual steps are simple but it involves the risk of selecting and formatting the wrong drive altogether. And, that will be catastrophe for any Windows user. Thus, we found a freeware software, titled WinToFlash, that automates the process.